Certificate III in Aged Care

HLTAP301B – Recognise healthy body systems in a health care context

Course Code: CHC30208

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(information sourced from http://training.gov.au/)


This unit of competency describes the basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology required to recognise body systems and their components and to identify and refer alterations associated with the functioning of the human body in the context of health care work

Employability Skills

This unit contains Employability Skills


The application of knowledge and skills described in this competency unit may relate to functions such as client questioning and documentation of information, such as medical history, using a structured technique or pro forma for gathering and recording information
Functions at this level require a broad overview of healthy functioning of the human body and practical aspects of disease management

Performance Criteria

Performance criteria
1. Apply knowledge
of the basic structure of the healthy human body
1.1 Use accepted health terminology to describe the normal
structure, function and location of the major body systems
1.2 Apply a basic understanding of the fundamental
principles of maintaining a healthy body
1.3 Work with knowledge of the major components of each
body system and their location in relation to other structures
2. Apply basic
knowledge of factors that support healthy functioning of the body
2.1 Work with a basic understanding of how to maintain the
whole body in an overall state of health
2.2 Work with a basic understanding of the relationships
between body systems required to support healthy functioning
2.3 Routinely apply workplace protocols and procedures in
all workplace communication to support accuracy and understanding of information
provided and received
2.4 Recognise individual and cultural differences and make
any adjustments in communication needed to facilitate the achievement of
identified outcomes
2.5 Conduct interpersonal communication with clients
and colleagues in a manner that enhances a person-centred or
community-centred approach consistent with work role requirements
2.6 Take appropriate measures to resolve conflict and
interpersonal differences in the workplace

Required Skills and Knowledge

Essential knowledge:

The candidate must be able to demonstrate essential knowledge required to effectively do the task outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage the task and manage contingencies in the context of the identified work role.

These include knowledge of:
• Basic structure and functions of the body systems and associated components, including
- cardiovascular system
- respiratory system
- musculo-skeletal system
- endocrine system
- nervous system
- digestive system
- urinary system
- reproductive system
- integumentary system
- lymphatic system
- the special senses – smell, taste, vision, equilibrium and hearing
- cells, tissues and organs
• Basic maintenance for a healthy body

Essential skills:

The candidate must demonstrate the ability to do the task outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage the task and manage contingencies in the context of the identified work role
These include the ability to:
• Use and articulate accurately common health terminology related to human anatomy and physiology
• Apply essential knowledge as outlined to own work role

Range Statement

Major body systems include: • Cardiovascular system
• Respiratory system
• Musculo-skeletal system
• Endocrine system
• Nervous system
• Digestive system
• Urinary system
• Reproductive system
• Integumentary system
• Lymphatic system
• The special senses – smell, taste, vision, equilibrium and hearing
Processes, conditions and resources required by the body to support healthy functioning may include but are not limited to: • Body regulation including
- maintenance of body temperature
- body fluids (including e.g. absorption of water from digestive system, loss of water through skin, distribution of water by cardiovascular system)
- elimination of wastes from the body
- maintenance of blood pressure
• Protection from infection
• Physical activity – active and passive

Evidence Guide

Critical aspects for assessment and evidence required to demonstrate this unit of competency: • Evidence must demonstrate the individual’s ability to apply their knowledge within the requirements of an identified modality of health care or support services to a specific age group
• Consistency of application of knowledge should be demonstrated over the required range of workplace applications relevant to an identified work role
Access and equity considerations: • All workers in community services should be aware of access, equity and human rights issues in relation to their own area of work
• All workers should develop their ability to work in a culturally diverse environment
• In recognition of particular issues facing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, workers should be aware of cultural, historical and current issues impacting on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
• Assessors and trainers must take into account relevant access and equity issues, in particular relating to factors impacting on Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander clients and communities
Context of and specific resources for assessment: • Assessment should replicate workplace conditions as far as possible.
• Where, for reasons of safety, assessment takes place away from the workplace, simulations should be used to represent workplace conditions as closely as possible
• Resources for assessment may include access to materials and space as required to demonstrate competence, such as:
- anatomical models, charts and/or diagrams
- relevant technology – internet and CD-ROM
- workplace or simulated work environment
Method of assessment: • Assessment must include questioning (verbal and written) to address Essential Knowledge as outlined in this unit